The Sanoyeds are also known by other names such as Bjelkier, Samoiedskaya Sobaka, or the Smiley Sammy. They are native of Western Siberia and Northwest Russia. These dogs are well- known for their herding capability and originally helped the Siberian herders. These dogs can also be used for sledding and guarding. The Samoyed has thick wool like coat which is often used as a source of providing warmth to their masters in the winter. These dogs are amongst the top 14 most ancient breeds and have been in use since the past 3,000 years. An explorer named Robert Scott first brought this dog to England in the year 1889 and since then its popularity flourished.
The following are general and physical characteristics of Samoyed: –
• These dogs belong to the working dog group and are a well-known registered and recognized group of dog breed. This breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in the year 1906 and was further recognized by other organizations such as Continental Kennel Club, Canadian Kennel Club, National Kennel Club, American Canine Registry, North American Purebred Registry etc.
• They have an average height of 1 ft. 7 in to 2 ft. at shoulder.
• They have an average weight of 51 to 60 pounds.
• The Samoyed live for about 12 to 14 years.
• They have double coats. The outer coat is soft whereas the inner coat of the Samoyed is thick and is wool like.
• They are available in various coat colors such as white, combination of white and beige color, beige.
• Their thick wool like fur is used for knitting or for creating artificial flies for fly fishing. Excellent sweaters can be knitted from Samoyed fur.
Well trained Samoyed can be intelligent, loyal and obedient. Samoyed is known to be least aggressive and therefore some people consider that they cannot be good watch dogs. However, with proper training they can prove to be excellent guards and diligent watch dogs. Samoyed is definitely not suited for small apartments. They will require a large and secure place for their upbringing. As these breeds are group of working dogs, they will need a good amount of space to spend their time and perform exercise.
Samoyed can be good family pets, although not many people in the western countries are even aware of this breed. They are usually preferred in extremely cold area like Russia and Siberia. They will never like to live alone and will want a companion for themselves. Samoyed love to sit on laps of their masters and give them warmth during the winters.
Samoyed belongs to the herding group of dog breeds and hence he would love to chase and play games. These dogs are motion sensitive and will usually run after small animals and objects. However, they usually get along with other family pets such as cats and kids as well.
These dogs will chew and pull almost anything and can be destructive some times (you can expect that because they belong from the sled dog heritage), so make sure you supervise your Samoyed every time for their safety.
They can mingle well with small children and other pets and truly enjoy their company. They get a 5 star rating (out of 5) for all round friendliness.
Feed your Samoyed with premium quality dry dog foods from top quality brands such as Acana and Taste of the wild dog food formulas. You can feed them with 1 ½ to 2 ½ cup of this dry dog food divided into two equal meals daily. The amount of dog food to be given primarily depends on weight, age and disease conditions in the dog.
Their food should be grain and gluten free and shall not contain garlic, avocado, chocolates, onion, raisins and other stuffs which are harmful for dogs. Give only AAFCO approved dog foods to your Samoyeds.
You can occasionally feed them with home cooked dog food which will contain recommended and safe ingredients.
Up to one year of age, Samoyeds should be fed with Puppy formula after which they can be switched to Adult dry dog food.
Health and Immunization
Samoyed can be prone to various diseases and you are advised to meet at least one of the parent of the puppy Samoyed you are going to adopt. The following are some of the diseases that Samoyed can be affected with: –
• Hip and Elbow Dysplasia – A common ailment in almost every dog which results in lameness and extreme joint pain which increases with age. This condition can lead to arthritis.
• Glaucoma – which can lead to increase in pressure and would result in partial or complete loss of vision and pain in eyes
• Samoyed Hereditary Glomerulopathy – this is an inherited kidney associated disease which can lead to partial or complete renal failure.
• Other diseases associated with Samoyed are – Patellar luxation, hypothyroidism, diabetes, progressive renal atrophy, subvalvular aortic stenosis and cancer.
Samoyeds should be immunized at regular intervals so that they are protected from various diseases caused by dangerous viruses. Some mandatory vaccines for this purpose includes: – Parvovirus, Rabies, Distemper, Coronavirus, Hepatitis A and B, Influenza and Parainfluenza vaccines. Inject annual booster shots from an experienced and registered vet.
They have coats that might be quiet difficult to maintain. They would require daily brushing as these dogs shed enormously. Bathe your Samoyed at least once in two month unless he rolls on mud and get him dirty. Brush their teeth two to three times in a week and cut their toe nails two times a month. Clean their ear with a cotton soaked pH neutral ear cleanser to keep ear infections at bay.
These dogs are registered and recognized by various organizations. Rescue a Samoyed from reputed rescue groups. It is advisable that you meet at least one of the parents of the pet you are going to buy (if possible, look for the mother). This exercise will help you make aware of any disease that can be associated with your dog.