Pug
Pug - Adult male

Pug
Introduction
One of the most common and friendly dog that perhaps everyone in this world is familiar with- is ‘the Pug’. They are also known by other names such as Carlin, Mops, Dutch Bull dog, Dutch Mastiff, Chinese Pug Dog and others. The most distinguishing feature of these dogs is that they have a wrinkled face.
These dogs were first officially accepted by the House of Orange in the year 1572. These dogs further became favorite of Queen Victoria, King Edward II, George V and other elegant personalities.
These dogs were given recognition by the American Kennel Club in the year 1885. Pugs also took part in many dog shows such as the Westminster Kennel club dog show and the World Dog Show and won the Best dog award as well (in the year 2004).
English Bull dog – At a glance
The following list of general and physical characteristics will help you to get familiarized with your Pugs: –
• Breed type: Pure breed (they belong to the toy or companion group of dog breeds). These dogs are registered and recognized by the Continental Kennel Club, American Kennel Club, United Kennel Club, Australian National Kennel Club, New Zealand Kennel Club and others.
• Height: Males have an average height of 12 to 15 inches whereas females have an average height of 11 to 13 inches.
• Weight: Males weigh about 13 to 20 pounds whereas the females weigh about 12 to 17 pounds.
• Life Span: Pugs have an average life expectancy of 12 to 15 years.
• Available coat colors: Fawn, black, apricot and silver and others.
• They have double coat.
• They muzzle is short and flat.

Temperament and Personality traits
It isn’t required to point that these dogs can be your child’s best friend. They are loyal, intelligent and are lovable. They can get well along with other pets as well, if they are raised together.
Pugs are playful and ideal pets for both nuclear and joint families. Fill his kennel with toys and stuffs as this dog is having a package of energy and loves to play. However, if you do not train your pugs well, then these dogs can be extremely lazy and will sleep most of the times. So make sure you keep them busy and active by training these pets appropriately right since puppy hood.
They are intelligent and hence training is not much a hassle with these dogs. They can follow your commands easily and will joyfully complete a given task without complaining or showing aggression.
One major problem with these dogs is that, they are prone to snoring and will make lot of noise whilst they are sleeping. So make sure you plug your ears before you go to sleep!
Feeding habits and Nutrition
Your pugs will require a diet that is free of grain and gluten. Giving them appropriate amount of food will help them control their body weight and will keep them away from various diseases such as obesity and diabetes.
Your pug should be fed with 1 to 1 ¼ cups of premium quality dry dog food. The dog food given to them shall at least contain few nutrients from the following sources: –
Meat and meat sources: – Chicken, chicken liver, bison, turkey, fish (tuna and mackerel), bison etc.
Fruits and Vegetables: – All fruits and vegetables should be obtained from fresh sources and directly from farms. A good packaged dog food shall at least contain soybean, chickpea, carrot, potato, sweet potato and fruits like blueberries, pears, berries and others.
Vitamins and Minerals: – Vitamin A, Vitamin b Complex, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Folic Acid, Riboflavin, Niacin. Choline, DHA, Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids and minerals such as Iron, Calcium, Selenium, Copper, Zinc and others. The dog food you give should be approved by AAFCO.
Along with the nutrients mentioned above, these dogs should also be fed with few dietary supplements. Whatever supplement you feed him, should first be reviewed from a dog nutritionist or a vet. Feed him with a supplement that he is deficient of and that which is not a part of his daily diet.
Health and Immunization
Pugs do not have a very strong immune system. The pugs can catch colds very easily and are also prone to various other diseases. Few common disease conditions in pugs are chronic breathing problems, mast cell tumors, Pug dog encephalitis, keratitis or inflammation of cornea, cherry eye syndrome, hip and elbow dysplasia, cheyleteilla dermatitis (or walking dandruff), epilepsy, nerve degeneration, corneal ulcers, demodectic mange, staph infection, hemi- vertebrae syndrome, legg – perthes disease, patellar luxation and others.
Since, their immune system is weak; they are even hypersensitive to allergic reactions. Things that they can be allergic to includes – different vaccinations, bedding, dander, hair, pollens, chemicals, hair sprays, deodorant, certain food stuffs and various other airborne and foodborne allergens.
Every pug should be immunized at regular intervals so that they are protected from various diseases caused by dangerous viruses. Some mandatory vaccines for this breed includes: – Parvovirus, Rabies, Distemper, Coronavirus, Hepatitis A and B, Influenza and Parainfluenza vaccines. Inject annual booster shots from experienced vets.
Care and Grooming
The Pugs do not need much maintenance. They have a smooth and manageable coat. However, pugs shed enormously during the summer seasons. Hence, special care must be taken in this season. Brush him at least twice a day during the shedding seasons and at least four times a week during the non- shedding or the minimally shedding seasons. Special attention should be given to facial wrinkles.
These dogs do not wear down their nails naturally, hence you would require trimming their nails at least once a month and brushing their teeth at least five times a week.
These dogs can drool more often; hence make sure you wipe his mouth with a wet towel to avoid risk of infections.
Adopt or rescue a Pug according to the guidelines set by several organizations that give them recognition (such as those mentioned above). One of the notable rescue groups from where you can adopt or rescue a Pug is – Pug Dog Club of America.

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