The Pomeranians are also known as Dwarf Spitz, Loulou, Pom, Pompom or the Zwergspitz. These are small sized dogs which belong to the toy group of dog breeds.
These dogs originated in Germany and Poland. These dogs are the smallest member of the Spitz family and were named after a small province in Germany called Pomerania. They probably descended from the German Spitz. Popularity of Pomeranians spread worldwide when they were first shown by Queen Victoria in a confirmation show. Another important historical landmark is that these dogs were one of the three dogs that were survivors of the sinking Titanic.
The first club to give them recognition in America is the American Kennel Club which registered this breed in the year 1898.
Pomeranian – At a glance
The following list of general and physical characteristics will help you to get familiarized with your Pomeranians: –
• Breed type: Pure breed (belong to the toy and companion group of dog breeds). They are registered with the American Kennel Club, New Zealand Kennel Club, Continental Kennel Club, Canadian Kennel Club, American Pet Registry, Inc., Australian National Kennel Club, United Kennel Club and others.
• Height: Males have an average height of 8 to 12 inches whereas the females have an average height of 7 to 9 inches.
• Weight: Males generally weigh 5 to 7 pounds and females weigh about 4 to 6 pounds at an average.
• Life Span: These dogs have an average life expectancy of about 15 years.
• Available coat colors: They have double coats. The outer coat is thick and the under coat is soft and fluffy. The hair has a shiny texture. They are available in various coat colors such as cream, orange, cream sable, white, chocolate and tan, chocolate, tan, red sable, red, fawn, brown and various others.
Temperament and Personality traits
Almost 32% people, who keep dog as pets, prefer to select these dogs. These dogs are easy to train, affordable, do not require any special requirements and are friendly and loyal to their masters.
The Pomeranians are good indoor dogs and are highly active and energetic. They are good choice for both small sized apartments and for huge bungalows. They are smart and love to go outside and meet new peoples.
Pomeranians get along with children and other pets quiet smoothly. These dogs are not aggressive and are neither very shy.
These dogs can be excellent watch dogs and are always loyal to their masters. They can even give their life to save their masters. The Pomeranians are intelligent and it is not much a hassle to train these dogs. Train them right from the puppy hood stage so that they can behave socially well.
Feeding habits and Nutrition
Recommended daily dietary requirement includes ½ to ¾ cups of premium quality dry dog food divided into two equal meals daily for an average weighing dog. The amount of food to be given will depend upon weight, disease condition, age metabolism, build and activity level your dog undergoes.
Whatever choice of food you make for your Pomeranians, ensure that the packed label least at least 32% Carbohydrate content, 28% Protein content and 19% Fat content.
These dogs are allergic to certain food stuffs such as veal, bison, chicken, chicken broth, fish and others. So make sure you are aware of the things your dog is allergic to.
Never feed your Pomeranians with human food, or food that contains cheese, cashews, apricot, grapes, resins, almonds, garlic, onion, chocolate, sweets and other such stuffs which is considered as poisonous for these dogs.
Health of your dog would primarily depend on what you feed them. The feed that you give them should not only be AAFCO approved, but should also be given in the appropriate amount.
Health and Immunization
The Pomeranians can acquire several general and genetic diseases. Some of the most commonly encountered diseases in Pomeranians are: –
Epilepsy, Cancer, fits, obesity, hip and elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation, collapsed trachea and others.
These dogs are also hypersensitive to various allergens present in the environment. They are allergic to dust, dirt, chemicals, bedding and other stuffs which includes certain food materials as well.
Pomeranians are also prone to various gum and teeth ailments. Therefore, it is necessary that you maintain a proper dental hygiene in these dogs.
Make sure you take your Pomeranians for regular health checkups. Take them to a trustworthy vet, at least once in two months.
30 to 40 minutes daily walk would otherwise keep them fit and will enable them to live a longer life. Practice good hygiene, good food and daily exercise to prolong their life.
Pomeranians should be immunized at regular intervals so that they are protected from various diseases caused by dangerous viruses. Some mandatory vaccines for this breed includes: – Parvovirus, Rabies, Distemper, Coronavirus, Hepatitis A and B, Influenza and Parainfluenza vaccines. Inject annual booster shots from experienced vets.
Care and Grooming
Pomeranians are average shedders and hence you would require brushing them regularly. Comb their hair with a soft slicker brush at least thrice a week. Ensure that you brush the hair from top to bottom to remove any dead hair and to spread oil from sebaceous glands evenly. Use a dog shampoo and a conditioner to bathe your dogs. You can bathe Pomeranians once in two weeks.
You should cut their toe nails at least once a month and brush their teeth every alternative day. When you are grooming your Pomeranians make sure you check any signs of redness, rashes, allergies, scaly skin, discharge which could possibly indicate onset of diseases. Take your Pomeranians to experienced vets if such problem persists.
You can adopt or rescue a Pomeranian according to the guidelines given by various organizations listed above. Always try to buy a dog who is disease resistant and one who is calm and composed and isn’t fighting with his other litter mates. Some of the trusted rescue groups are NW Pomeranian Rescue, Norwood; Ponderosa Pomeranian Rescue, New England Pomeranian Rescue, North water Pomeranian Rescue and others.