You are surely aware of one of the oldest dog breed and of course the smallest and the cutest one – the Chihuahua breed. Well science has taken one step ahead and now you can get a Chihuahua mix or designer breed that has overcome all the shortcomings of its parent breed. There are several Chihuahua mix breeds available such as the – Boston huahua mix (their parents are Boston and Chihuahua), Chusel (their parents are Brussels and Chihuahua) and Chiweenie (a hybrid of Chihuahua and Dachshund). Among these, Chiweenie is the most famous of this category of hybrids. They are also known by other names such as Dachsihuahua, Doxiwawa and Chihuachshund. Chiweenies are recognized by the American Canine Hybrid Club, Designer dogs Kennel Club, International designer Canine Registry and Designer Breed registry – like the Chiweenie and the Affenhua.
The following are the general characteristics and physical features of Chiweenie:-
• These dogs are recognized and are a result of cross between the Dachshund and the Chihuahua and hence they contain 50% traits each from its parent breed.
• These dogs come under the category of small breeds and have an average height of 6 to 8 inches only.
• They weigh about 7 to 10 pounds at an average.
• Most of these dogs have long, perky and erect ears and have a square shaped body.
• Their skull is round and very small.
• Chiweenies have smooth coats and the fur is soft and silky. The coat may be straight or wavy.
• They have an average life span of 12 to 15 years or more.
• Chiweenies are available in variety of colors. They come in tan, brown, white or tricolor shades with black and white markings. A single litter will contain variety of puppies in different shades.
• They can give birth to 2 to 6 puppies at a time.
• They have droopy little eyes and floppy ears.
Chiweenies are highly energetic family loving dog. However, they are comfortable even in a small house and you don’t need any special requirements for these dogs. They will adjust in whatever is provided to them. These dogs can make intimate bonding with humans. They are alert and hence they can be a good choice as watch dog and can be a wonderful companion as well.
They will mingle with children very easily. However, remember to pay attention to the small Chiweenies and the kids when they are together.
In a nutshell, these dogs can be given the tag of being alert, devoted, quick and courageous (despite of their extremely small size).
Remember that Chiweenies are small breed. So, give them the right quantity of food divided into several parts per day. Puppies till 6 months of age shall rely on mother’s milk primarily. From 6 months to twelve years of age, give them premium quality dry dog food -1 cup divided into two parts per day. For Chiweenies who are 1 to 2 year of age, you can feed them with dry dog food – 1 to 1 ½ cups divided into two equal parts per day). All mature Chiweenies shall be given dry dog food, 2 to 2 ¼ cups divided into three equal parts per day.
Their daily meal shall contain 6% of fat content, 20% of Carbohydrate content and 16% of protein content. They should do regular exercise to burn their fat, however, these dogs shall never be over- exercised or under exercised. Never give them human food or food that contains cheese, avocado, pears, apple core, raisins, cashews, chocolates etc…
Health and Immunization
Chiweenies are prone to many genetic disorders (much like their parents) and most of them are neurological ones. They can often get fits, seizures and epileptic attacks.
Some Chiweenies can also get “large heads” which in medical terms is also known as hydrocephalus, in which they have scratchy skull plate and not a solid bone. When these dogs become hydrocephalic, then they have bigger heads and are much lethargic and their growth comes at halt.
Chiweenies are also at a high risk of getting diseases such as hypoglycemia. If they are not diagnosed with these low sugar levels at an early stage, then they can experience coma and eventually death.
Since, they have protruding eyes; these dogs are also prone to several eye infections and eye injury (especially when they are with children and running haphazardly). Their eyes and nose may get runny when they are exposed to dust, air-borne allergens or dry air.
Chihuahua mix breeds should be immunized at regular intervals so that they are protected from various diseases that are caused by dangerous viruses. Some mandatory vaccines includes: – Parvovirus, Rabies, Distemper, Coronavirus, Hepatitis A and B, Influenza and Parainfluenza vaccines along with booster doses that should be given to them every year.
Take good care of your Chiweenies. Though Chiweenies do not gain weight easily, yet it is always recommended that they exercise on a daily basis. A 30 to 40 minute walk will keep them fit and away from diseases. Protect your dog from large animals and birds. They cannot defend themselves much as they are very small in size. Brush your Chiweenies weekly and keep him clean by bathing him once in three weeks. They aren’t much outgoing in nature; hence you can expect them to be clean and hygienic most of the times.
However, make sure you bathe them with flea shampoos during the flea seasons and cut their toe nails once a month.
As these dogs are prone to low sugar levels, always keep few things in hand such as Karo syrup, Nutri- cal and honey (in case of emergency). These syrups should be rubbed on their gums and mouth when the sugar level falls.
You can adopt and buy a Chihuahua mix breed from professional breeders and those who are willing to sell their puppies. Make sure you buy a Chihuahua mix breed that has been crossed using disease – proof parents and those who are having a good genetic makeup. Ask for a second generation Chihuahua mix puppy.