The Miniature pinscher is also popularly known by other names such as the Min Pin or the Zwerg pinscher. Their country of origin is Germany and their ancestors include the German pinschers that were crossed with Dachshunds and Italian Greyhounds. Doberman pinchers are often confused with the miniature pinschers but the latter was introduced in Germany much before the former. Official documentation about the Miniature pinschers is available for the past 200 years. However, these dogs existed much before this date.
These dogs were officially recognized by the American Kennel Club and the Miniature Pinscher Club of America in the year 1929.
Miniature pinscher – At a glance
The following list of general and physical characteristics will help you to get familiarized with your Miniature pinscher: –
• Breed type: Pure breed (belong to the toy/ companion group of dog breed). These are given recognition by the American Kennel Club, Canadian Kennel Club, New Zealand Kennel Club, FCI, Continental Kennel Club, American Pet Registry, Inc., Dog Registry of America, Inc. and several others.
• Height: Males have an average height of 10 inches to 1 ft. 2 inches and females have an average height of 10 inches to 1 ft.
• Weight: Males weigh about 8 to 10 pounds and females weigh about 7 to 9 pounds at an average.
• Life Span: They have a long life expectancy and some can even live for more than 13 years.
• Available coat colors: They have a short and smooth coat (no double coat). These dogs are available in various coat colors such as chocolate, black, blue, red, fawn, tan and rusts. The color Merle is not recommended and accepted by many breed organizations that give them recognition.
Temperament and Personality traits
Miniature pinschers are kind to children. They would develop a strong bond with children if they were raised together. However, they can sometimes turn aggressive if they are irritated by naughty children and may bite them on the contrary. You should always teach your children how to get along with your Miniature pinscher and never leave them totally unsupervised when they are with your dogs.
Miniature pinschers have a confident personality. He can be curious about certain things he isn’t familiar with. He is highly energetic and hence these dogs are recommended for homes that are well fenced. These dogs are good as watch dogs and can be easily trained as well.
The Min Pins are affectionate and loyal to their masters. Like any other dog, your Miniature pinscher will require early socialization and you should teach them how to behave in the society. Puppy kindergarten classes can be helpful. Train them with positive reinforcement techniques in which you can reward them with food or praise for a task he accomplishes.
Feeding habits and Nutrition
Feed your Miniature pinscher with right amount of nutrition. Your Miniature pinscher would require to be fed with ½ to 1 cup of premium quality dry dog food divided into two equal meals every day. The feed that you give him shall contain nutrition from the sources suggested below: –
Meat sources: – Chicken liver, chicken liver, bison, turkey, fish (tuna or mackerel)
Vegetable and fruit sources: – Chickpea, soybean, carrot, potato, sweet potato, green beans, pear, blueberries and antioxidants such as marigold and rosemary.
Vitamins and minerals: – Vitamin A, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12, Riboflavin, Folic Acid, Vitamin E, Vitamin C and minerals such as Calcium, Iron, Zinc, Selenium. The food should also include nutritional supplements such as Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids.
Never feed your dog with human food or feed that contains cheese, chocolate, apricots, apple core, cashews, raisins, alcohol, sweet etc…
Health and Immunization
Miniature pinscher can acquire several health problems during his or her life time. Some of the common disease conditions in Miniature pinschers are: –
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (or PRA) (in which there is gradual deterioration of retina leading to partial or complete loss of vision), Legg- Calve- Perthes disease (in which the hip joint may get deformed and will lead to atrophy of the leg muscle and limping), Epilepsy (which is a neurological disorder and your dog can run haphazardly or may get seizures and fits), Hypothyroidism (which is a disorder of the thyroid gland and is responsible for alopecia, epilepsy, hyperpigmentation, obesity, pyoderma and other skin related problems), Patellar luxation (wherein there is dislocation of the bone at joint which could cause dogs to cripple and limp).
Every miniature pinscher should be immunized at regular intervals so that they are protected from various diseases caused by dangerous viruses. Some mandatory vaccines for this breed includes: – Parvovirus, Rabies, Distemper, Coronavirus, Hepatitis A and B, Influenza and Parainfluenza vaccines. Inject annual booster shots from experienced vets.
Care and Grooming
Miniature pinschers have very easy to manage coat. You can brush him thrice a week with a soft bristle brush or with a grooming mitt. You may take him for bathe at least once in two weeks or when he gets himself too much dirty. Frequent bathing isn’t recommended for your Miniature pinscher. Many owners will prefer to give him a sponge bathe with a wet towel soaked in lukewarm water.
Maintain a good dental hygiene and brush his teeth with a teeth sensitive brush four times a week. Cut his toe nails at least once a month if they don’t wear it out naturally.
Ears of your Miniature pinschers should be checked for any signs of redness (as this may indicate possibility of parasitic infection). Clean his ears at least once a week with pH balanced ear cleansing solution.
Take your Miniature pinscher to a certified and experienced vet at least once in two months for regular health checkups.
Adopt or rescue a Miniature pinscher according to the guidelines given by several organizations that give them recognition (as mentioned above). Names of rescue groups from where you can adopt or rescue a Miniature pinscher are – Internet Miniature pinscher service, Miniature pinscher Club of America, Southern Star MinPin Rescue, Inc. and Miniature pinscher Club of America, Inc.
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