This one is an English dog breed that belongs to the group of terriers. This fearless dog is also known by other names such as the Jack Russell terrier, Rebel terrier JRT or Jack. He has got the smallest height than any other dog of the pure breed terrier group and was initially raised because of their fox hunting skills. Their ancestors are probably the English White terrier (now extinct).
Jack Russell may be a preferred choice in the woods because of their fox like instincts. They are very aggressive and hence unsporting and usually not preferred in homes that might contain small kids. The American Kennel Club gave him recognition in late 1990s.
Jack Russell – At a glance
The following list of general and physical characteristics will help you get familiarized with your Jack Russell: –
• Breed type : Pure breed (this breed is registered and given recognition by various clubs such as the American Kennel Club, Australian National Kennel Club, UK Kennel Club, Canadian Kennel Club, Dog Registry of America, Inc. , FCI, Jack Russell Club of Great Britain, East Jack Russell Terrier Club and many others.
• Height: The males have an average height of 12 to 15 inches whereas the females have an average height of 10 to 13 inches.
• Weight: Males weigh about 15 to 19 pounds whereas female Jack Russell weighs about 13 to 17 pounds.
• Life Span: The Rebel terrier probably has one of the greatest life span than any other dog. Most of them will live for more than 15 years.
• Available coat colors: They have a rough and broken coat. Coat colors available are: – White, a mixture of black and white or tricolored coats (a mixture of black, white and tan).
Temperament and Personality traits
Children who are above the age of 7 years and who are taught how to approach these dogs usually get well along. However, because of the aggressive nature of these dogs, one should be extremely careful when keeping these dogs in a home that consists of young and old family members. Jacks and other pets usually cannot mingle much, even if they are raised together. If he is in mood and given the opportunity to show his skills, he can even kill other pets, especially small pets such as rabbits, birds and guinea pigs.
It is obviously necessary that the master of these dogs shall have prior knowledge in how to handle these fox- like dogs. Jacks will probably respond to a master and keep his calm when he knows that his master has the power to control him. They will never respond to a lame and timid master and may even hurt them in the contrary.
These dogs are highly energetic and intelligent and hence it is very necessary that you keep him in a fenced area. However, these dogs can get separation anxiety when they are left alone and hence, you should always give him time and play with him. Try playing intelligent and good games with him and try to reduce his aggression by giving him proper training during early stages of life.
Feeding habits and Nutrition
Feed your Jack Russell with premium quality dry dog foods from various top quality brands such as Purina, Acana and Taste of the wild dog food formulas. The amount of dog food to be given primarily depends on metabolism, weight, age and disease conditions in the dog.
You can feed them with 1 ½ to 2 ½ cup of this dry dog food divided into two equal meals daily.
Their food should be grain and gluten free and should not contain cheese, garlic, apple core, avocado, chocolates, onion, raisins and other stuffs which are harmful for dogs. Give only AAFCO approved dog foods to your Jack Russell.
You can occasionally feed him with home cooked dog food which will contain recommended and safe ingredients.
From 6 months to one year, Jack Russell should be fed with Puppy formula after which they can be switched to Adult dry dog food.
Health and Immunization
Jacks can acquire pool of diseases such as Legg Calve Perthes, Deafness, Patellar Luxation, Glaucoma, Lens Luxation, Cancer, obesity and various others.
A daily 25 to 30 minutes’ walk will otherwise keep these dogs fit and far away from diseases. However, these dogs does plenty of exercise on a regular basis, so make sure your dog plays well and is kept busy all the time.
Every Jack Russell should be immunized at regular intervals so that they are protected from various diseases caused by dangerous viruses. Some mandatory vaccines for this breed includes: – Parvovirus, Rabies, Distemper, Coronavirus, Hepatitis A and B, Influenza and Parainfluenza vaccines. Inject annual booster shots from experienced vets.
Care and Grooming
Your Jacks will need brushing every week. These dogs are sturdy enough and probably would not require bathing at all if you brush him regularly. However, it is recommended that to keep him free from germs, wash his body gently at least once in two months. Frequent bathes is not recommended in these dogs. While you are grooming check for any obvious signs of redness, irritability, itching, sores, blisters, discharge which could possibly indicate onset of a disease or allergy.
His teeth need to be brushed daily and the nails need to be trimmed once a month if it does not wear out naturally. His ears are drooped and hence moisture build up can cause infestation by fleas and other parasites. Clean his ears with a pH balanced ear cleanser to keep away skin and ear problems. If you are unable to maintain good ear hygiene, it may even cause permanent deafness in these dogs.
You can adopt or rescue a Jack Russell according to the set guidelines by the above mentioned organizations and others. Some of the most notable group of rescuers includes Parson Russell Terrier Association (an American based Rescue group), Russell refuge, JRTCC National Russell Rescue, Russell Rescue, Inc. and others. If you are buying a pup make sure that you pick up a dog that has been already given puppy training.